The Court (Rovner/St. Eve/Jackson-Akiwumi, with St. Eve writing) held that the 4th Amendment does not require a person to be given a bail hearing within 48 hours of arrest (and requires only that a probable-cause determination occur, which can be done ex parte). The opinion is notable for its detailed discussion about the role that the 4th Amendment plays for a person in custody where a probable-cause determination has already occurred. Of course, after that detailed discussion, the Court simply says, “we need not decide whether the 4th Amendment applies” after a probable-cause determination, because either way, plaintiffs lose (bail hearings w/in 68 hours don’t violate the 4th Amendment). Folks representing people in pretrial custody will want to think about whether this opinion opens the door to some sort of 4th Amendment claim. And even if it doesn’t, it’s worth noting that St. Eve repeats her comment from an earlier opinion (Pulera) that on some issues, the standard of proof required under the 4th and 14th Amendment are identical.